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Annals of Geriatric Education and Medical Sciences

Role of Activator and Bionator in class II malocclusion correction- A review

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Author Details: Sukhpal Kaur, Riponjot Singh, Vikas Garg, Maninderdeep Kaur

Volume : 4

Issue : 2

Online ISSN : 2348-7240

Print ISSN : 2348-7348

Article First Page : 41

Article End Page : 44


Functional appliances are passive appliances, which make use of the natural forces generated by the orofacial & masticatory muscles and the forces of occlusion to bring about changes in dento alveolar & craniofacial structures. These appliances alter neuromuscular environment of orofacial region to improve occlusal development and craniofacial skeletal growth. In this article we will discuss effects of two functional appliances that are activator and bionator.

: Activator, Bionator, Maxillary protrusion