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International Dental Journal of Student Research


Chief complaints of patients seeking treatment for Periodontitis


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Author Details: Vishakha Grover, Ranjan Malhotra, Anoop Kapoor, Gagandeep Kaur, Rose Kanwaljeet Kaur, Jasjit Kaur Sa

Volume : 5

Issue : 1

Online ISSN : 2278-3784

Print ISSN : 2394-708X

Article First Page : 19

Article End Page : 24


Abstract

Aim: To determine and analyse the most common chief complaints associated with chronic periodontitis in patients suffering from periodontal disease in Derabassi, Punjab, India.
Materials and Methods: Dental records of 7680 patients were examined. Categorisation of all the subjects on the basis of periodontal diagnosis, age and gender was carried out. The various chief complaints reported at first visit were grouped into 3 major groups based on patient perception. A rank order was created based upon the frequency of chief complaints and number of chief complaints per subject and analysed.
Results: Out of total (20750) 13 chief complaints recorded, only 5 were considered periodontitis symptoms and the remaining chief complaints were related to esthetics/ dental emergencies according to patient perception. Periodontitis symptom, as chief complaint was maximum for age group 41-50 years and female category, and the difference observed was statistically highly significant.
Conclusion: Deposits, stains and bleeding gums were the first, second and the third most common chief complaints respectively in the study population and most of them were related to esthetics according to patient’s perception. This information should be utilised for enhancing awareness in general public for early diagnosis and effective periodontal treatment in early stages of periodontitis.

Keywords:
Awareness, Chief complaint, Early diagnosis, Periodontal diseases