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IP International Journal of Aesthetic and Health Rejuvenation

Oral manifestations, dental considerations and treatment protocols for chronic renal disease or end-stage renal disease

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Article Type : Review Article

Author Details: Harshita Gupta*,Sumit Bhateja,Geetika Arora

Volume : 2

Issue : 3

Online ISSN : XXXX


Article First Page : 48

Article End Page : 53


90% of patients suffering from Chronic Renal Disease (CRD) or Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) show various oral manifestations of the disease. As such, these oral manifestations should be considered as an alarm clock or an early indicator for undiagnosed renal failure. Over the last couple of decades, more and more researchers have noticed the importance of maintaining good oral hygiene in patients with renal disease, especially ESRD patients and transplant candidates. Now, dental protocols have been initiated by them to highlight the psychological aspect of the patient and the importance of maintaining good control of plaque and daily oral hygiene. In this article, we discuss renal disease, its oral manifestations, dental considerations and treatment protocols.

Keywords: Renal system, Chronic renal disease, End-Stage renal disease, Dental Considerations, Treatment protocols.