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Year 2019

Volume: 5 , Issue: 2

Print ISSN:-2581-5210

Online ISSN:-2581-5229

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IP Indian Journal of Anatomy and Surgery of Head, Neck and Brain


Morphometric study of the fourth ventricle of brain by computed tomography in hydrocephalic children in tertiary hospital of Telangana


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Author Details: Radhakrishna Palla

Volume : 3

Issue : 3

Online ISSN : 2581-5229

Print ISSN : 2581-5210

Article First Page : 78

Article End Page : 81


Abstract

Introduction: Aim of the study was to determine the morphometric measurement of the fourth ventricle of brain by computed tomography in hydrocephalic children, and to assess its importance in different age groups.
Materials and Method: The study group included CT Scans of 50 normal and 50 hydrocephalic children between 0-12 yrs attending the Department of Radiology, Niloufer hospital Hyderabad Telangana between November 2013 to August 2014. Maximum height, width of the fourth ventricle were measured and statistically analyzed.
Results: Out of 50 Hydrocephalic cases 24 (48%) were males and 26 (52%) were females, 31 were below 3 years and 19 were above 3 years.
Mean height of fourth ventricle (13.07+/-6.03 95% CI 11.88-14.25mm) is more than control (6.94+/-1.14, 95% CI 6.71-7.16mm). Mean width of fourth ventricle (14.9+/- 6.24 95% 13.66-16.13mm) is more than control (11.1+/-1.88, 95% CI 10.72-11.47mm). Mean height of fourth ventricle in males (12.62+/-6.4 95%CI 10.11-15.13mm) is less than females (13.49+/-6.2, 95%CI 10.98-16.0mm). Mean width of fourth ventricle in males (15.70+/-7.9, 95%CI 12.84-18.56mm) is more than females (14.16+/-5.7, 95% CI 11.84-16.48mm). Mean height of fourth ventricle in children below 3 yrs (13.45+/-6.39, 95% CI 14.9-11.9.mm) is more than in above 3 yrs (12.34+/-5.37, 95% CI 10.28-14.3mm). Mean width of fourth ventricle in children below 3 yrs (15.24+/-7.26, 95% CI 13.58-16.89mm) is more than in above 3 yrs (14.23+/-3.63, 95% CI 12.83- 15.62mm).
Conclusions: The study shows significant difference in height and width of fourth ventricle among cases and controls. It was not significant in gender and age.

Key words:
Hydrocephalic children, Fourth ventricle.