Indian Journal of Clinical Anaesthesia

Comparison of ondansetron HCl, granisetron HCl and palanosetron HCl for prevention of postoperative nausea and vomiting following gynaecological surgery under general anaesthesia

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Author Details: Nita D Gosai,Rekha N Solanki*,Bhavna C Shah,Pooja Kumar,Rajdip Kubavat

Volume : 6

Issue : 1

Online ISSN : 2394-4994

Print ISSN : 2394-4781

Article First Page : 102

Article End Page : 106


Context: Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting (PONV) is associated with many adverse events, which prolong and increase the healthcare cost.
Aims: To compare the efficacy of Palanosetron with respect to Granisetron and Ondansetron in prevention of PONV. To study the need of rescue antiemetic and incidence of side effects.
Settings and Design: This Prospective, Randomized study was carried out with 150 adult female patients of ASA Grade I & II posted for elective gynecological surgery under GA.
Materials and Methods: Patients were divided into three groups of 50 patients each.
Group O received injection ondansetron 8 mg IV, Group G received Granisetron 2.5 mg IV & Group P received Palanosetron 0.075 mg iv before GA induction.
Episodes of nausea, vomiting, need for rescue antiemetic and side effects were observed for 72 hours in postoperative period.

Statistical Analysis Used: Graphpad Software with consideration of significant P value <0>
Results: Incidence of nausea and vomiting was more with Ondansetron and minimal with Palanosetron with statistical significance of P< 0> Lowest incidence of nausea was found with Palanosetron during 3-24 hours postoperatively (P<0> Complete Control of PONV (No PONV, No rescue drug required) was maximum in P group in all hours of study [P<0>
Conclusion: Palanosetron is safe, well tolerated and effective than Granisetron and Ondansetron in reducing the incidence of PONV with less need of rescue antiemetics.
Key Messages: Palanosetron is proved better antiemetic than granisetron and ondansetron in prevention of PONV.

Keywords: General Anaesthesia, Granisetron, Gynaecological surgery, Ondansetron, Palanosetron, Postoperative nausea and vomiting.

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