Indian Journal of Clinical Anatomy and Physiology


Anatomical correlation of undescended testes


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Author Details: Shubha Srivastava, Kuldeep Singh

Volume : 3

Issue : 3

Online ISSN : 2394-2126

Print ISSN : 2394-2118

Article First Page : 370

Article End Page : 372


Abstract

Undescended testes are a very common congenital anomaly in India. It is clinical as well as psychological problem for the boys. For the study of location of undescended testes, anatomy of descent of testes is necessary. Ultrasonography is important tool for this study. Patients above the age of six months with history of absent testes in the scrotum either unilateral or bilateral were included in the study. The descent is depends on many factors with gubernaculums playing major role. Ultrasound is the standard imaging technique of choice in children with a non-palpable testis as it is non-invasive and does not use ionizing radiation. Location of testis is also important in deciding whether patient will need abdominal or inguinal surgery. The aim of study, the position of undescended testis by high frequency ultrasound and its anatomical explanation. Total 212 boys with undescended testis were examined by high frequency ultrasound the prevalence was more on right side (104 out of 212), where testis was found located in the inguinal canal. In present study we find that the undescended testes more prevalent on right side and in inguinal region.

Keywords:
Testes, Undescended, Gubernaculum