Indian Journal of Clinical Anatomy and Physiology

Analysis of various parameters of hip bone for determination of sex

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Author Details: Satya N. Shukla, Anjali Prasad, Abhishek Kumar

Volume : 4

Issue : 1

Online ISSN : 2394-2126

Print ISSN : 2394-2118

Article First Page : 20

Article End Page : 25


Introduction: The nature and degree of sexual differentiation in the pelvis has long been of interest to anatomists and anthropologist. It is of practical importance to obstetricians and to those who would identify skeletal remains. No one can deny there are easily recognizable genetically based differences in the flesh and in the skeleton. These differences are of particular importance in the identification process.
A great deal of variation also exists at population level, necessitating group specific standards.
Method and Materials: One hundred and sixty adult hip bones (80 males and 80 females) of known sex were obtained at random from skeletal collection of Department of Anatomy of different medical institutions of Indore.
Measurements were taken with the help of vernier calliper and divider. In this analysis six parameters have been considered including 3 old parameters and 3 new parameters. All linear measurements were taken in centimetres on the intact parts of normal bones:
For every parameter, the mean and standard deviation (S.D) were calculated and the range was noted. Demarking points was worked out from calculated ranges, i.e. mean ± 3 S.D. (Singh and Potturi).
Results: Pubic length, among older criteria, was found to be useful by which sex could be assigned to 12% right male, 15% of right femaleand 15% left male and 17% left female hip bone. Whereas  among newer criteria which were studied mid pubic width was found to be useful by which sex could be accurately assigned to 9% of right male, 11% of right female, 9% of left male& 7% of left female hip bones.
Conclusion: The best combination of criteria among old and newer are pubic length and mid pubic width by which reasonable no. Of hip bones could be sexed correctly.

Anatomist, Anthropologist, Innominate Bone, ASIS, Pubic Tubercle