Indian Journal of Clinical Anatomy and Physiology


Morphological study of variation in Arterial supply of kidney in Gujarat


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Author Details: Sanjay Vikani, Pankaj Maheria, Satish Patel, Kuldeep Suthar

Volume : 4

Issue : 1

Online ISSN : 2394-2126

Print ISSN : 2394-2118

Article First Page : 81

Article End Page : 83


Abstract

Introduction: Each kidney is irrigated by single renal artery, which is direct lateral branch of abdominal aorta. It is very important to understand the arterial pattern of kidney because it has much morphological variation, and there is many intervention procedure and surgeries carried out in kidney.
Method: This study was done on 30 cadavers of different medical colleges of Gujarat. During routine abdominal region dissection of UG students, precisely dissect Kidneys and its arterial supply, note the pattern and variation if present in artery.
Result: Sixty specimens of 30 Cadavers were dissected carefully and 60 specimen of kidneys observed and we found Double Renal Artery in 2(3.3%) specimens, Accessory renal artery in 13 specimen out of this 7(11.6%) on right side, 4(6.6%) on left side, 2(3.3%)Bilateral. 5 (8.3%)specimens had renal artery lies anterior to renal vein at hilum.
Conclusion: Knowledge of this type of renal artery variation is useful in clinical practise to minimise the complication during surgery and radiological procedure.

Keywords:
Kidney, Renal Artery, Accessory Renal Artery, Variations