Indian Journal of Clinical Anatomy and Physiology


Impact of type – II diabetes mellitus on forced vital capacity


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Author Details: Anjulika, Sumit Sachan, Amit Mehta

Volume : 4

Issue : 2

Online ISSN : 2394-2126

Print ISSN : 2394-2118

Article First Page : 133

Article End Page : 135


Abstract

Introduction: Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disorder characterised by hyperglycemia and affecting multisystem organs of the body. In Lungs, diabetes causes thickened alveolar epithelium and capillary basal lamina leading to decrease elastic recoil and lung volume. So, present study is done to evaluate the impact of type - II diabetes mellitus on Forced Vital Capacity (FVC).
Materials and Method: 40 known diabetic patients having diabetes for more than 5 years and 40 healthy controls of both sexes were taken from October 2010 to September 2012. Age, sex, height, weight and Body Surface Area (BSA) were recorded and matched for both cases and controls. Computerized Spirometry was performed for both cases and controls. FVC values were recorded, compared and analysed by using student t-test.
Result and Conclusion: FVC was found to be decreased in Type-2 diabetes mellitus, which was statistically significant thus indicating restrictive pattern of lung disease.

Keywords:
Diabetes, type - II diabetes, Forced Vital Capacity (FVC), Body Surface Area (BSA)