Indian Journal of Clinical Anatomy and Physiology


Study of Incidence of congenital musculoskeletal malformations and its relation to maternal age, parity and birth weight of the newborn


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Author Details: Shylaja DK, Sharada B. Menasinkai, BR Ramesh

Volume : 4

Issue : 4

Online ISSN : 2394-2126

Print ISSN : 2394-2118

Article First Page : 546

Article End Page : 551


Abstract

Objectives: The present study was undertaken
1.        To know the incidence of congenital musculoskeletal malformations in neonates
2.        To assess the relation of congenital musculoskeletal malformations with maternal age, parity and birth weight of the newborn
3.        To compare the data obtained with other studies
Materials and Method: The data for the study was collected from the department of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Paediatrics, Cheluvamba Hospital, attached to Mysore Medical College and Research Institute, Mysore. The study was done for a period of one year during which period, thirty seven babies with musculoskeletal malformations were diagnosed.
Results: The incidence of congenital musculoskeletal malformation in our study was 2.9/1000 births. 43.3% of cases were observed in mothers belonging to age group of 21-25 years. Malformations were more common in first and second para (45.9% each) and declined with increased parity.43.2% of the babies showed anomalies with birth weight above 2501grams.
Conclusion: The above study revealed the incidence of congenital musculoskeletal malformation and musculoskeletal malformations were common in mothers of younger age group, common in first and second para and significant number of babies were born with birth weight above 2501grams.
Conclusion: The above study revealed the incidence of congenital musculoskeletal malformation. Musculoskeletal malformations were common in newborn babies of mothers of younger age group of 15-20years, common in babies of mothers of first and second para and significant number of malformations were found in babies born with birth weight weighing above 2501grams.

Keywords
: Congenital, Musculoskeletal, Malformation, Parity, Neonates, Birth weight