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Indian Journal of Clinical Anatomy and Physiology

Waist circumference relates to blood pressure among adults

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Author Details: Meera Dattani, Seema Tanaji Methre, Tanaji Sambhaji Methre

Volume : 5

Issue : 1

Online ISSN : 2394-2126

Print ISSN : 2394-2118

Article First Page : 91

Article End Page : 96


Introduction: Approximately 7 million people die every year worldwide due to the deleterious effects of high blood pressure. Increased body weight is a significant risk factor for cardiovascular diseases and their association has been the subject of many studies. The present study was undertaken to examine the presence of obesity on the basis of BMI and to see how different parameters relate with the blood pressure readings in healthy individuals. The parameters measured included body mass index, waist to hip ratio, percentage of total body fat and waist circumference. The correlation of theses parameters with the high blood pressure was studied. We aimed to find out the parameter that would relate more closely to the high blood pressure readings.
Materials and Methods: A cross sectional non-interventional study was conducted after the approval of the ethical committee of the institute. Two hundred subjects of age group 18-20 years were included in the study. Correlation analysis was done using Primer of Biostatistics version 7software.
Results: A total of 80 males and 120 females took part in the study. The mean age was 18.18 years for males and 18.7 years for females. SBP showed positive and statistically significant correlation with height (r=0.5), weight (r=0.5), WC (r=0.3), WHR (r=0.22). DBP showed positive and statistically significant correlation with weight (r=0.3), BF% (r=0.26) and BMI (r=0.24).
Conclusion: Obesity and high BP are positively correlated. Waist circumference can be better predictor of obesity related risk than waist hip ratio, body mass index and body fat percentage.

Keywords: Blood pressure, Correlation, Obesity, Waist circumference.

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