Volume : 6
Issue : 1
Online ISSN : 2394-2126
Print ISSN : 2394-2118
Article First Page : 57
Article End Page : 60
Introduction: Fracture proximal end of femur is frequent in our busy life using more vehicles and resulting in more accidents and also because of increased geriatric population where the fracture occurs due to osteoporosis.
Aim: to standardize various parameters of femur.
Materials and Methods: The length of the femur was measured using a wooden board fixed with a tape and a mobile wooden piece. The angle between the axis of neck and the axis of shaft of femur was determined based on procedure given by Singh and Bhasin.5 The axis of neck was determined by colored thread used to divide the anterior surface of neck into two equal halves. The width and length of neck of femur are measured using digital vernier calipers.
Results: The length of femur was 43.55cms (SD=2.283), neck shaft angle was 125.35° (SD= 7.883°), length of neck anteriorly 26.51mm (SD=3.369), length of the neck posteriorly 30.846 mm (SD=3.9mm), width of the neck 30.68mm anteroposteriorly (SD=4.359mm), and 29.94 super inferiorly (SD=3.599).
Conclusion: Femoral measurements in this study show that there is a significant difference between our population and other populations studied; there is a need to explore options for customizing implants according to anthropometric measurement corresponding to local population.
Keywords: Femur, Fracture, Dimensions, Implants, Morphometry.