Indian Journal of Clinical Anatomy and Physiology


Effect of short term exercise on cardiorespiratory parameters in exercise trained and untrained young adults


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Author Details: K Senthil Kumar,Saraswathi Ilango*,Madhan Srinivasan,Sai Karthik

Volume : 6

Issue : 1

Online ISSN : 2394-2126

Print ISSN : 2394-2118

Article First Page : 103

Article End Page : 108


Abstract

Objective: To assess the effect of short termexercise on cardiorespiratory parameters in exercise trained and untrained young healthy adults.
Materials and Methods: 60 medical students of age group 18–25 years without history of regular exercise were recruited for the study. Group I included 30 students who were exercise trained in the form of cycling, aerobics and yoga for 30 minutes every day for 3 months and group II included 30 students without any exercise training. Heart rate and blood pressure were measured before and immediately after short term exercise in the form of cycling for 6 minutes. Similarly pulmonary function testwas performed before and within two minutes after exercise.
Results: There was no significant difference in HR, SBP, DBP, PP, MAP and RPP between exercises trained and untrained individuals. PFT parameters SVC, PEF and MVV were significantly higher in trained individuals (p=0.01, 0.03 and 0.03 respectively). While comparing the effects of short term exercise, HR, SBP, PP, MAP, RPP significantly increased after exercise in both the groups (p value<0>1, FIV1/FIVC and MVV showed no significant difference (p>0.05) in both the groups. PEF showed a significant decrease after exercise in untrained individuals (p=0.05) while not so in trained group (p<0>
Conclusion: Short term exercise does not significantly affect the respiratory parameters in exercise trained and untrained individuals. Exercise training for 3 months improves respiratory function and has little to no effect on cardiovascular function.

Keywords: Short term exercise, PFT, Cardiorespiratory parameters.

Doi :-https://doi.org/10.18231/2394-2126.2019.0025