Indian Journal of Clinical Anatomy and Physiology


Study of BMI, haemoglobin and blood pressure in subjects visiting OPD’s of a medical college in Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh


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Author Details: Anzar Bashir Alvi,Shah Mohd. Abbas Waseem*,Pulak Raj

Volume : 6

Issue : 1

Online ISSN : 2394-2126

Print ISSN : 2394-2118

Article First Page : 113

Article End Page : 117


Abstract

Introduction: Prevalence of obesity, hypertension and anaemia is expected to rise in India. There appears a link between obesity, haemoglobin levels and blood pressure. Keeping in view the public health importance of trio the present study was undertaken.
Material and Methods: 336 subjects (235 males and 101 females) were included in the present study. Age, BMI, Hb, blood pressure (both systolic and diastolic) and BMI were measured. Data was analysed using appropriate statistical tests.
Results: Mean age, systolic and diastolic blood pressure and haemoglobin were higher in males as compared to females. Mean BMI (Kg/m2) was higher in females (22.38 ± 4.28) than males (21.98 ± 4.25). Significantly higher numbers of male were hypertensive than females whereas anaemia was found more in latter. With increase in BMI blood pressure was significantly higher and with decrease in Hb or with increase in severity of anaemia it was significantly reduced. Positive significant correlation of BMI and Hb with blood pressure was observed.
Conclusion: There appears a positive association between Hb levels and both systolic and diastolic blood pressure. BMI correlated with blood pressure.

Keywords: Hypertensive, Normotensive, BMI, Anaemia, Gender, Prevalence and obesity.

Doi :-https://doi.org/10.18231/2394-2126.2019.0027