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Indian Journal of Clinical Anatomy and Physiology

Impact of lifestyle modifications on obesity and biochemical parameters at different time intervals in newly diagnosed patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus – A randomized controlled trial

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Article Type : Research Article

Author Details: Harpreet Kour*,Shivaprasad Goudar,V A Kothiwale

Volume : 6

Issue : 3

Online ISSN : 2394-2126

Print ISSN : 2394-2118

Article First Page : 279

Article End Page : 286


Introduction and Objectives: Diabetes Mellitus is complex metabolic disorder and have appeared as
gigantic public health problem worldwide. The prevalence of specifically type 2 diabetes mellitus is
increasing in adult population due to sedentary lifestyle and more junk food consumption leading to
obesity. This further is linked with decreased insulin sensitivity of the tissues and insulin resistance which
is major indicator of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Lifestyle modifications are considered as one of the important
cornerstone in management of diabetes mellitus. Therefore present study has been undertaken to assess,
in a randomized manner, the impact of life style modification in form of structured exercise therapy on
anthropometric and biochemical parameters in young adults newly diagnosed with type 2 diabetes mellitus.
Materials and Methods: Total of 148 patients of age group 20-45 years with newly diagnosed T2DM
were enrolled in the study as per eligibility criteria. The patients were divided randomly into two groups
as Diabetic controls and interventional group. Socio-demographic, Anthropometric and Biochemical
parameters were evaluated at baseline and at the end of six months for the study groups. Whereas the
impact of lifestyle modification is studied at different time intervals, .i.e at baseline and at the end of 2nd,
4th and 6th months were studied. P value < 0> version 22 was used for statistical analysis.
Results: There was significant improvement found in majority of anthropometric and biochemical
parameters in intervention group at the end of six months of structured exercise therapy.

Keywords: Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, Structured Exercise, Therapy, Lifestyle modification.

Doi :-https://doi.org/10.18231/j.ijcap.2019.062