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Indian Journal of Clinical Anatomy and Physiology

Body fat distribution and its effect on vital capacity index in young adults

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Article Type : Research Article

Author Details: V Seetha Rama Raju,Raghavendra Sherikar*,CH Srinivas

Volume : 6

Issue : 3

Online ISSN : 2394-2126

Print ISSN : 2394-2118

Article First Page : 291

Article End Page : 294


Aims: To study the effect of body compositions such as BMI, waist hip ratio, body fat composition on lung
function and also to correlate any changes with gender difference.
Materials and Methods: A total of 164 medical students aged 18-23 years were taken into study. Height,
weight, waist hip ratio (WtHR), Body M ass Index (BMI), were recorded. Body fat composition was
analysed using Omron Karada scan – body composition monitor model HBF- 375. Vital capacity was
estimated using spirometer. Data was analyzed statistically by using SPSS 20.0 software.
Results: Lung function assessed as vital capacity index (VCI) was negatively correlated (r<0> with VAT, SAT, BMI, WtHR, BFP for both male and females. Body anthropometric measurements like
waist to hip ratio(WtHR), BMI and lung function tests like vital cap a city index (VCI) are more in males.
Where as females have higher body fat percentage (BFP). and Subcutaneous.adipose tissue (ScAT). There
was no much significant difference in Intra abdominal adipose tissue(IAAT) in males and females.
Conclusion: There was a inverse correlation between lung function with fat accumulation in the body.

Keywords: Body fat, Vital capacity index, Body mass index, Waist Hip ratio, Medical students.

Doi :-https://doi.org/10.18231/j.ijcap.2019.064