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IP Indian Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dermatology


Pediatric Dermatoses: A Study of 313 Cases


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Author Details: Parth Shekhat, Rashmi Mahajan, Kishan Ninama, Som Lakhani, Freny Bilimoria

Volume : 3

Issue : 4

Online ISSN : 2581-4729

Print ISSN : 2581-4710

Article First Page : 187

Article End Page : 193


Abstract

Introduction: Pediatric dermatology is impotent wing of dermatology. It deals with prevention, diagnoses and treatment of skin disorder in children. It has become important to study about pattern of pediatric dermatoses which helps in making policies for its diagnosis, management and prevention.
Material and Method: This is a prospective cross sectional observation study conducted at Dhiraj General Hospital from January 2016 to June 2017. All the patients were subjected to detailed history & clinical examination. Based on the clinical features and investigations, final diagnosis was then made. 
Result: Out of 313, 54 % were males and 46% were females. Majority of cases were in school going age group accounting for 40 % of total case. In present study, infectious diseases (30.99%) were highest followed by eczema and dermatitis (13.73%). Infectious diseases were most common in this study. Fungal infections (36.07%) were highest among infectious diseases in this study followed by viral infections (35.11%). Nevi constituted 7 % of all dermatoses. Pigmentary disorders were 6.38% of all dermatoses. Papulosquamous disorders were 8.62% of all dermatoses. Appendageal disorders constituted 13.41% of all dermatoses. Nutritional disorder was relatively less in this study. Connective tissue disorders constituted only 1.92% of all dermatoses. Genodermatoses were 2.87% of all dermatoses.
Conclusion: Pediatric dermatoses are vast array of diseases, so much so that pediatric dermatology is now considered a sub speciality of dermatology. In this study, the commonest condition encountered is infectious diseases while rare conditions like neuroblastoma and mastocytoses have also been recorded. This study is an endeavour to record and report the spectrum of dermatological conditions pediatric age group.

Keyword: Pediatric, Dermatoses.