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IP Indian Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dermatology

A study on the outcome of pulse therapy in vesicobullous disorders at a tertiary care centre in Chidambaram, Tamilnadu

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Author Details: Kannambal K.*,Prasad P. V. S.,Kaviarasan P. K.,Poorana B.,Ranjani D.

Volume : 4

Issue : 4

Online ISSN : 2581-4729

Print ISSN : 2581-4710

Article First Page : 292

Article End Page : 296


Introduction: With the advent of pulse therapy and adjuvant immunosuppressive drugs, the outcome and prognosis of vesicobullous disorders have been improved to a greater extent. Different regimen protocol has been tried and this descriptive study was carried out to assess the outcome of various pulse therapy regimens in vesicobullous disorder at our centre.
Methods: A total of 26 vesicobullous patients were enrolled for the study. Diagnosis was made clinically and confirmed by histopathology. They received treatment with Dexamethasone-Cyclophosphamide pulse (DCP) or Dexamethasone -Azathioprine pulse (DAP) or Dexamethasone pulse (DP) therapy and were followed up for clinical remission and side effects of therapy.
Results: There was a total of 26 patients comprising 69.23% females and 30.77% males and 50% were between the age group of 40-50 years. Pemphigus vulgaris was the commonest clinical type seen in 69.23%.DCP was given for 22(84.62%) patients, dexamethasone pulse in 3(11.54%) and DAP in one (3.85%). In DCP group 77.27% of patients were in Phase I and 22.73% achieved clinical remission. One patient was refractory to DCP and required rituximab infusion. Weakness, headache, vomiting and weight gain were the commonest side effects encountered in our study. Avascular necrosis of femur and reactivation of pulmonary tuberculosis were the major side effects noticed in one patient each.
Conclusion: DCP therapy prove to be an excellent therapeutic regimen in case of vesicobullous disorders to attain faster recovery sparing the adverse effect of corticosteroids. DAP can be an useful therapeutic option in patients who were unmarried or in reproductive age group.

Keywords: Pemphigus vulgaris, Dexamethasone-cyclophosphamide pulse. Dexamethasone-azathioprine pulse, Dexamethasone pulse

Doi :-https://doi.org/10.18231/2581-4729.2018.0061