Indian Journal of Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology


Effect of Type II Diabetes mellitus on Intra ocular pressure in Central India


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Author Details: Kanishk Singh, Ankur K. Shrivastava, Nobal Chandrakar

Volume : 3

Issue : 1

Online ISSN : 2395-1451

Print ISSN : 2395-1443

Article First Page : 28

Article End Page : 30


Abstract

Aim: Intraocular pressure distribution and its association with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus.
Material and Methods: A comparative cross-sectional study was done in a tertiary care hospital. Patients of 20-80 years of age where taken up in the study which included 100 diabetic and same number of non-diabetic subjects (controls). Various laboratory tests such as fasting blood sugar level (FBS) and postprandial plasma blood sugar (PPBS), glycated haemoglobin (HbA1C) levels were done. All patients underwent complete ocular examination. Intra-ocular pressure was measured by using by Non-Contact tonometer (NCT, Shin-Nippon, Japan).
Results: It was found that the mean intraocular pressure in diabetic and non-diabetic subjects was 17.61±1.8 and 14.08±1.4 mm of Hg respectively. The intraocular pressure values were higher in the subjects with diabetes in all the age groups. The study also revealed that the mean intraocular pressure was higher in diabetic patients with more than 5 years of duration.
Conclusion: The data obtained from the study suggests the intra-ocular pressure was raised in subjects with diabetes as compared to the controls. Individuals with poor glycemic control were more prone to get elevated intra-ocular pressure.

Keywords: Intraocular pressure, Tonometry, Type 2 diabetes