Indian Journal of Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology


Pattern of Glaucoma in Rural South India


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Author Details: Vijay Kumar Srivastava

Volume : 3

Issue : 1

Online ISSN : 2395-1451

Print ISSN : 2395-1443

Article First Page : 50

Article End Page : 52


Abstract

Introduction: Primary Open Angle Glaucoma causes damage to the fibers of optic nerve which results in permanent visual loss. There may not be any symptoms; this is dangerous because patient may become blind silently. Glaucoma caused by angle closure mechanism causes symptoms and patient seeks medical attendance early.
Aims and Objectives: To study clinical types and Factors associated with the Glaucoma patients.
Methodology: This was cross-sectional study of the patients reporting to ophthalmology outpatient department or admitted in the ophthalmology wards having symptoms suggestive of Glaucoma, at tertiary health care center during the year 2016. The patients underwent detailed elucidation of history and examination. All essential investigations were undertaken. Attention was also paid to monitor treatment response and follow up. As per above criteria total 64 patients were included into the study.
Result: Majority of the Glaucoma patients were from older age group. As age increases the problem of Glaucoma was more prevalent. It was more frequent in Males. More patients had Open angle Glaucoma than close angle or narrow angle. The most common associated factors with Glaucoma patients were Diabetes followed by Systemic Hypertension; Phacomorphic; post Iridocyclitis; Steroid induced Glaucoma; Traumatic Glaucoma.
Conclusion: The problem of Glaucoma was more common in Older age and in males. The most common associated factors with Glaucoma patients were Diabetes followed by Systemic Hypertension; Phacomorphic; post Iridocyclitis; Steroid induced Glaucoma; Traumatic Glaucoma. So these factors should be considered during diagnosis and management of Glaucoma patients.

Keywords:
Open angle Glaucoma, Close angle Glaucoma, Steroid induced Glaucoma, Phacomorphic glaucoma