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Indian Journal of Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology

Microbial pattern of corneal ulcer in semi-rural South India

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Author Details: Vijay Kumar Srivastava

Volume : 3

Issue : 2

Online ISSN : 2395-1451

Print ISSN : 2395-1443

Article First Page : 231

Article End Page : 233


Aim: To Study the Pattern of corneal ulcers in patients in semirural south India.
Methods and Materials: It was a hospital based descriptive cross-sectional study carried out from April to December 2016. Patients reporting with non-viral corneal ulcers were studied for finding microbiological etiology such as bacterial and fungal; and standard laboratory methods were used. Data was analyzed by Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 16.0 and Chi-square test was used to test significance of attributes.
Results: Out of 58 cases of microbial keratitis, all were sent for culture - 39 (67.24%) were culture-proven. 19 (48.71%) showed fungus, 17 (43.58%) were positive for bacteria, 3(7.69%) showed mixed growth, whereas 19(32.75% showed no growth. Patients with agriculture-based work had more risk of development of microbial keratitis.
Conclusion: These results highlight the current trend in the microbiological aetiology of corneal ulcers in semi-rural south India. In rural background the prevalence of fungal keratitis is more, despite there being advanced diagnostic tools and treatment methods, results are still suboptimal in fungal corneal ulcers.

: Microbial keratitis, Corneal ulcer, Bacterial ulcer, Fungal ulcer, Mixed ulcer