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Indian Journal of Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology


Prevalence of diabetic retinopathy in urban and rural population in Eastern Uttar Pradesh


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Author Details: Ram Kumar, Rajesh Kumar

Volume : 3

Issue : 3

Online ISSN : 2395-1451

Print ISSN : 2395-1443

Article First Page : 263

Article End Page : 266


Abstract

Introduction: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is an important public health concern, globally there is a rising trend in the prevalence of DM due to many factors such as aging, urbanization and increasing obesity and physical inactivity. The international diabetes federation (IDF) predicts that the prevalence of DM in South East Asia will increase by two folds by the years of 2025.(1) This increase would be approximately 42%. Today in India diabetic retinopathy is 6th cause of blindness. A person with diabetes is 25 times more likely to become blind than a person of General population.(2)
Materials and Methods: Cross sectional study done over a period of one year of every diabetic patient coming in our OPD and Registration of every diabetic patient attended in our camps.
Result: The study has been carried out on 1500 patients out of which 486 patients were found have diabetic mellitus. The male female ratio was be found nearly 1:1 (56%) male and (46%) female there was significant distribution in sex.
Simultaneously we found 39 (26%) male out of 148 male patients and 24 (19%) female out of 126 female patients in urban area who had diabetic retinopathy.
Likewise we also found we found 24 (21%) male out of 114 male patients and 15 (15%) female out of 98 female patients in rural area who had diabetic retinopathy.