Indian Journal of Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology


Vitamin A deficiency in rural based tertiary care centre


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Author Details: Archana Nikose, Aditya Rokade, Pradnya Laddha, Prateek Mohod

Volume : 4

Issue : 1

Online ISSN : 2395-1451

Print ISSN : 2395-1443

Article First Page : 107

Article End Page : 111


Abstract

Aims and objectives: To study the incidence of clinical forms of vitamin A deficiency and create awareness for importance of dietary vitamin A among parents.
Materials and Methods: This cross sectional study was done in a rural based tertiary care centre which included 256 patients attending the paediatric OPD between the age group of 1 month to 10 years during July and August 2015. Questionnaires were prepared for socioeconomic status and nutritional status. An ophthalmic examination was carried out along with a trained paraopthalmic assistant in the paediatric OPD. The findings of torch light examination were confirmed on slit lamp examination. The positive findings of vitamin A deficiency were compared with the WHO classification. Statistical analysis was done by using the SPSS software V.11.
Results: The total number of children examined were 256 which included 101 (39.5 %) from rural areas and 155 (60.5 %) from urban areas. Conjuctival xerosis was noted in 19 (7.4%) children out of which 9 children (3.5%) were from urban and 10 children (3.9%) from rural areas. 21 children (8%) suffered from night blindness which is another sign of Vitamin A deficiency (XN).
Conclusion:  Vitamin A deficiency affects most of the school going children in rural India and it occurs mainly due to dietary insufficiency hence can be prevented.

Keywords: Conjunctival xerosis, Incidence, Kuppuswamy scale, Xeropthalmia.

Doi :-https://doi.org/10.18231/2395-1451.2018.0024