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Indian Journal of Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology

Hospital prevalence and major causes of low vision in a tertiary care centre in South India: A Hospital record based study

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Author Details: Shimna C P, Jasmine Mary Jacob, Pramod Thomas

Volume : 4

Issue : 2

Online ISSN : 2395-1451

Print ISSN : 2395-1443

Article First Page : 276

Article End Page : 279


Aims: To determine the hospital prevalence as well as the low vision causes among patients coming to a tertiary care centre.
Settings and Design: Retrospective study was conducted by review of files of patients who presented to the Ophthalmology OPD from September 2013 to February 2014.
Material and Methods: Records of 4989 patients in the 20-60 years age group who presented to the Ophthalmology OPD were collected and data obtained. Patients with a visual acuity of < 6>3
Results: There were 102 patients with low vision who attended the OPD during the study period. There were 36 (35%) male and 66 (65%) female patients among the low vision patients. The low vision causes were retinal diseases (72%), amblyopia (15%), corneal opacity (9%) and glaucoma (4%). Conclusion: Hospital prevalence of low vision was estimated to be 2.19% (SE-1.43). Among these patients, the causes of low vision were detected to be Retinal diseases like Diabetic Retinopathy, Hypertensive Retinopathy and pathological myopia, amblyopia, corneal opacity and glaucoma.

Keywords: Low vision, Diabetic Retinopathy (DR), Age Related Macular Degeneration (ARMD), Hypertensive Retinopathy (HTR), Retinitis Pigmentosa (RP).

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