Indian Journal of Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology

Study of refractive errors in medical students

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Author Details: Pragati Garg*,Laxmi Singh,Mohd Raza,Swati Yadav

Volume : 4

Issue : 4

Online ISSN : 2395-1451

Print ISSN : 2395-1443

Article First Page : 518

Article End Page : 520


Introduction: Refractive errors are apparently more prevalent among the high educational group and have become a huge economic and social burden.1
Materials and Methods: The study was conducted at Era’s Lucknow Medical College and Hospital and included 420 medical students of consecutive 4ys (2013-2016). Refractive error was assessed under cycloplegia using Snellen’s visual acquity drum and streak retinoscope. The students were categorized according to their refractive error and the prevalence was calculated.
Results: Of 420 students 54% had refractive error. Of these 77.7% had myopia, 8.4% had hypermetropia and 1.7% had astigmatism. Myopes were further divided into mild moderate & severe. It was found that 62.8% had mild, 35.4% had moderate and 13.7% had severe myopia.
Conclusion: The commonest refractive error among medical students is myopia of varying grades.

Keywords: Medical students, Myopia, Refractive error.

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