Indian Journal of Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology


A study on primary open angle glaucoma in systemic hypertensives in patients in a tertiary care centre


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Article Type : Research Article

Author Details: Shrinivas M Ganagi,Sarita R J Gonsalves*,Nelly Nazareth

Volume : 5

Issue : 2

Online ISSN : 2395-1451

Print ISSN : 2395-1443

Article First Page : 155

Article End Page : 158


Abstract

Glaucoma is the second leading cause of world blindness. There are many risk factors influence development of POAG. Systemic hypertension is one of the risk factors and is one of cause for gradual progressive loss of vision in old age. A hospital based study of prevelence of POAG was carried out as hospital bases study on systemic hypertensive patients attending DM WIMS hospital from 01/07/2017 to 30/06/2018. A total of 400 patients with systemic hypertension between 50-80 years of age attending department of Ophthalmology, DM WIMS hospital are evaluated for POAG and complete ocular and clinical examination were performed.
The significance of study parameters between two or more groups was determined by Chi square test and correlation coefficient analysis done to find out relation between intraocular pressure (IOP) and blood pressure level. In this study -3.75% of POAG cases were presenting the systemic hypertensive population (as compared to 2.56% in normal population) and IOP was found to be significantly correlated with blood pressure levels. Among the cases diagnosed as POAG, 4.05% were males and 3.27% were females. Hence, patients of systemic hypertension should be screened for POAG and monitoring of IOP and blood pressure levels to be done at regular intervals.

Keywords: Systemic hypertension, Intraocular pressure, Primary open angle glaucoma, Tonometry, Blood pressure.

Doi :-https://doi.org/10.18231/j.ijceo.2019.038