Indian Journal of Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology


A study on changes in the central corneal thickness among pregnant mothers in south India


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Article Type : Research Article

Author Details: C Usha*,B Pramila,B Kalaiselvi

Volume : 5

Issue : 2

Online ISSN : 2395-1451

Print ISSN : 2395-1443

Article First Page : 219

Article End Page : 221


Abstract

Introduction: Changes in every organ system during pregnancy is noted, even though pregnancy is said to be physiological. The changes can be physiological or pathological. The physiology of pregnancy is a curious issue for specialists from different branches of medicine. Our study was done to know the changes in the central corneal thickness during un complicated pregnancy.
Aim and Objectives: The aim is to study the changes in the central corneal thickness during pregnancy.
Materials and Methods: 80 eyes from 40 pregnant females with no other systemic or pregnancy related comorbidities were examined and the central corneal thickness was measured. Ultrasonic contact pachymetry was used to find out the central corneal thickness.
Results: An increase in the central corneal thickness was found among the study population which was statistically significant. Very thick cornea more than 600 microns, was found in mothers in third trimester of pregnancy.
Conclusions: The changes during pregnancy that are physiological in eyes are usually asymptomatic and transient. This change is only because of the hormonal influence and hence is expected to return to normal after delivery. But, the knowledge on these changes will help the patient when needed.
Central corneal thickness was found to be increased in 62 eyes in this study population.

Keywords: Central corneal thickness, Hormonal influence, Pregnancy, Pachymetry.

Doi :-https://doi.org/10.18231/j.ijceo.2019.052