Indian Journal of Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology


Ocular manifestations of diabetes mellitus Bundelkhand region: Observational study


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Article Type : Research Article

Author Details: Jitendra Kumar*,Rajesh Kr. Shakya,Dinesh Kr. Raina

Volume : 5

Issue : 2

Online ISSN : 2395-1451

Print ISSN : 2395-1443

Article First Page : 257

Article End Page : 259


Abstract

In current scenario, Diabetes mellitus is a major health problem world wide. Diabetes induced vasculoangiopathy can cause serious sight threatening complications. Aim of the study was to assess the prevalence of various types of ocular complications in diabetic peoples”.
In this cross-sectional study total 887 diabetic subjects (irrespective of type, duration and medication of diabetes) were included all study subjects were underwent for detailed history and through examinations. Complete Ophthalmological evaluation as external oOcular examinations including initial visual acuity, slit lamp examination, fluorescein dye staining, Schirmer's test, tear film break-uptime (TBUT), refraction, fundus examination with direct/Indirect ophthalmoscopy was done. Perimetry, tonometry, FFA, and OCT were done as per requirement. In this study the male and female ratio was 1.7:1. Diabetic retinopathy (48.70%) was the major ocular manifestation. Other manifestations were cataract (38.22%), Meibomitis (31.91%), Dry eye disease (15.33%), NVI (7.33%), Glaucoma. The high poverty, low literacy and low health care facilities in Bundelkhand regions affected the study results. We have to communicate with diabetic and pre-diabetic peoples about proper key factors to control these complications.

Keywords: Diabetic retinopathy, FFA, Glaucoma, Meibomitis, NVI, OCT, Optic neuropathy, Perimetry.

Doi :-https://doi.org/10.18231/j.ijceo.2019.060