Indian Journal of Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology


To compare the intraocular pressure in diabetes mellitus and non diabetics individuals


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Article Type : Research Article

Author Details: Shadakshari S. Math*,Antariksh J. Mohta

Volume : 5

Issue : 3

Online ISSN : 2395-1451

Print ISSN : 2395-1443

Article First Page : 301

Article End Page : 304


Abstract

Introduction: To compare the intraocular pressure in diabetes mellitus patients and non diabetics individuals.
Materials and Methods: A prospective observational type of study with 100 patients, 50 diabetic and 50 non-diabetics subjects, was conducted at D.Y. Patil Medical College and Hospital Kolhapur from 1st February 2019 to 30th April 2019. All subjects underwent routine complete ophthalmological examination, intra ocular pressure was measured using Perkins applanation tonometer. Blood investigation fasting blood sugars, postprandial sugars, and HbA1c levels was done in diabetics and random blood sugars were done in non diabetic subjects.
Results: The mean intraocular pressure in diabetic subjects was 16.67±2.04mmHg and in non-diabetics 13.84±2.85mmHg and difference between the two groups was clinically significant (p<0> mean intraocular pressure was (16.88±3.09mmHg) in diabetic patients with duration of diabetes  greater than 10years as compared with (16.54±2.76mmHg) in diabetic patients with duration less than 10 years, p value > 0.05 which is not statistically significant and with HbA1c >6.5% showed statistically significant higher intraocular pressure compared to HbA1c <6>
Conclusion: Diabetic subjects showed higher intraocular pressure as compared to non-diabetic subjects and also there was increase in intraocular pressure with uncontrolled diabetes independent on duration of diabetes. All diabetic patients should undergo intra-ocular pressure measurement routinely.

Keywords: Intraocular pressure, Diabetes, Applanation tonometer, HbA1c. 

Doi :-https://doi.org/10.18231/j.ijceo.2019.072