Indian Journal of Forensic and Community Medicine


TREATMENT OUTCOME OF TUBERCULOSIS PATIENT ATTENDED AT DTC OF SMS MEDICAL COLLEGE, JAIPUR (RAJ.)


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Author Details: Mahesh C, Chitra Upadhyay, B.P. Meena, Kusum Lata Gaur

Volume : 1

Issue : 1

Online ISSN : 2394-6776

Print ISSN : 2394-6768

Article First Page : 19

Article End Page : 22


Abstract

Objective: To find out association of treatment outcome with age, sex and type of cases in patients attended at DTC of SMS Hospital, Jaipur (Raj.)
Materials and methods: A record based cross-sectional study of tubercular patients - whose outcome of treatment was declared. Study variables were –types of case, age, sex. Outcome was assessed as Cure Rate, Failure Rate, Defaulter Rate, Case Fatality Rate
Result: Overall Cure Rate observed 43.3% and it significantly varied with type of case, age and sex of case. Overall Defaulter Rate observed 30%. More defaulters were in relapse retreated cases and in elderly (>60 yrs.) cases. Overall Failure Rate observed 8.3% and it was highest in Cat. I cases and significantly varied with age and sex. Overall Case Fatality Rate observed 15%. About 3/4th of total deaths were observed in Failure and Relapse retreated cases. CFR showed not significant variation with sex.
Conclusions: Cure Rate significantly varied with type of case, age and sex of case. Defaulters were more in Relapse retreated cases and in elderly (>60 yrs.) cases. Failure Rate was highest in Cat. I cases and significantly varied with age and sex

Keywords: DTC, Cured Rate, Defaulters, Relapse, CFR