Indian Journal of Forensic and Community Medicine


An Epidaemiological study of Burn Injuries


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Author Details: Zopate Pravin R, Waghmare CM, Tirpude Bipin H

Volume : 3

Issue : 3

Online ISSN : 2394-6776

Print ISSN : 2394-6768

Article First Page : 214

Article End Page : 219


Abstract

Background: Burn is the most devasting of all the injuries and a major global public health crisis. Only limited studies have evaluated the epidemiological trends of burn injury.
Aim: To evaluate prospectively epidemiological aspects of burn injury in the hospital situated in the central part of India.
Study design: The consecutive 360 cases of burns admitted in our hospital were analyzed prospectively to review the scenario of burn over a period of 3 years.
Results: The study revealed female (68.81%) predominance with female to male ratio of 2.2:1. Most of the victims of burn were between the ages of 21 to 30 years. Married (69%) outnumbered unmarried. Out of total female victims’ majority were Hindus, illiterate and housewives.
The domestic burn was common with Kerosene stove with kerosene being the main accelerant. Shock was the commonest cause of deaths occurring within 48 hours of burn injury while it was septicemia in cases of deaths occurring after three days.
Conclusion: Young married females were the commonest victims of burn injury. Considering the morbidity and mortality owing to burns, government and other social organizations need to put special efforts for the prevention and education programs against burn injuries.

Keywords:
Burn, Central India, Medicolegal, Mortality