Indian Journal of Forensic and Community Medicine


Health outcomes amongst Patients admitted in Medical Intensive Care Unit (MICU) of Government Medical College and Hospital, Srinagar (Uttarakhand)


Full Text PDF Share on Facebook Share on Twitter


Author Details: Dheeraj Gupta, Bhola Nath, KS Butola, Haroon AS

Volume : 3

Issue : 4

Online ISSN : 2394-6776

Print ISSN : 2394-6768

Article First Page : 234

Article End Page : 239


Abstract

Background: India is a large country with huge variations in health indicators across states and districts of the country. The Health Outcomes across India varies significantly as would be expected from the wide health and health determinant disparity spread across length and breadth of India. The intensive care unit (ICU) is a health care delivery service for patients who are critical with potentially recoverable diseases. They can benefit from more detailed observation, monitoring, and treatment than is generally available in the standard lying-in ward or department.
Objective: To know the health outcomes of cases being admitted into the MICU of Government Medical College and Hospital, Srinagar (Uttarakhand).
Material and Methods: A one-year retrospective study from January 2014 to December 2014 reviewed the admissions into the MICU of Government Medical College and Hospital, Srinagar. MICU records of all admissions, referred, discharges, and deaths were utilized for the purpose of this study. Statistical analysis was done using the Statistical Package for Scientific Solutions (SPSS) version 22.0.
Results: A total of 1109 patients (633 males and 476 females) were admitted into the MICU. Maximum Number of Patients (41.8%) admitted was in the age group of ≥ 60 years. The overall Case Fatality Rate was 9.7 per 1000 admissions and Bed Occupancy Rate (BOR) of MICU was 110.9 percent recorded for the whole year (2014).
Conclusions: The leading cause of admissions in MICU was found to be circulatory and respiratory conditions. An effective ICU goes a long way in reducing mortality and morbidity and greatly facilitates the care of critically ill patients giving desirable outcome.

Keywords:
CFR, MICU, BOR, Health Outcomes