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Indian Journal of Forensic and Community Medicine


A profile study of tuberculosis patients in Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh


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Author Details: Anil Kumar Agarwal, Shatkratu Dwivedi, Vikrant Singh Chouhan, Nirmala Kiron

Volume : 4

Issue : 1

Online ISSN : 2394-6776

Print ISSN : 2394-6768

Article First Page : 68

Article End Page : 72


Abstract

Background: Substantial progress has been made in reducing tuberculosis incidence over the past two decades. However, Tuberculosis (TB) continues to be one of the most devastating and widespread infections in the world, if left untreated, each person with active TB disease will infect on an average between 10 and 15 people every year. So to understand these factors study was carried out about socio-demographic profile of patients attending DOTS center.
Methodology: The study was conducted in 3 Tuberculosis units of Gwalior city from July 2016 to Oct 2016. Patients diagnosed as having TB and registered under RNTCP were included in the study. Total patients 550 were included in the study.
Results: Most of the patients coming to the RNTCP centers belong to the under-privileged group in the age group of 16 to 30 years, (40.2%), male to female ratio was observed to be 1:0.5. Majority of the patients lived in nuclear families (68.3%), belonged to low socio-economic status (77.2%) and dwelled in overcrowded houses (71.6%). 6.9% reported history of contact with tuberculosis patients. More than half of the patients (58.5%) were undernourished. In the study, 55.5% had pulmonary TB and 44.5% had extra-pulmonary TB. HIV co-infection was prevailing in 15 patients and smoking and alcohol intake was present in 72.5% and 2% respectively and it was found statistically significant.(P<0.05).
Conclusion: An improvement in living conditions, education, socioeconomic status and sanitation is desirable to curtail down the prevalence of tuberculosis.

Keywords: Tuberculosis prevalence, Socio-demographic profile, Clinical status, Running Title: Tuberculosis patients profile study