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Indian Journal of Forensic and Community Medicine


Trends of poisoning in Central India, Indore Region (Madhya Pradesh)


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Author Details: Pankaj Verma*,Priya M Misar,Pooja M Missar

Volume : 5

Issue : 3

Online ISSN : 2394-6776

Print ISSN : 2394-6768

Article First Page : 197

Article End Page : 201


Abstract

Introduction: In this modern civilization, acute poisoning is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality and really becoming a burden for our community. Trends of poisoning are increasing as well as changing day by day due to the introduction of more and more chemicals. This study has been taken to understand the trends of poisoning and will be used to plan how to provide healthcare facility and educate the people. Only those cases that came to the Emergency Department and Mortuary with a history of acute poisoning were included in this study.
Materials and Methods: A total of 120 poisoning cases were included from October 2015 to May 2017. The cases were analyzed on various epidemiological, clinical and investigational and postmortem findings through a pre-designed proforma after taking valid consent from the patients or their relatives. Samples were collected and analyzed in Analytical Toxicology lab.
Result: Out of 120 acute poisoning cases, 75 were males and 45 were females. Maximum numbers of patients fall in 21-30 years age group. Most common poison was Organophosphorus (OPP) followed by Aluminium phosphide (Celphos). The mortality rate as per this present study was 21.67%.
Conclusion: Due to the easy availability of insecticides, pesticides and household poisons; there is more exposure accidently or intentional, which creates a huge burden on hospitals. The government, WHO and other organizations have to make strict rules or to ban highly toxic chemicals. Education camps must be organized to train farmers how to use insecticides and pesticides in a proper way.

Keywords: Aluminium Phosphide, Analytical toxicology lab, Insecticides, Mortuary, Organophosphorus, Pesticides, Poisoning.

Doi :-https://doi.org/10.18231/2394-6776.2018.0045