Indian Journal of Forensic and Community Medicine


Prevalence and determinants of protein energy malnutrition among under five children in slums of Kannauj district


Full Text PDF Share on Facebook Share on Twitter


Author Details: Tanu Midha*,Seema Nigam,D S Martolia,Samarjeet Kaur

Volume : 5

Issue : 4

Online ISSN : 2394-6776

Print ISSN : 2394-6768

Article First Page : 218

Article End Page : 222


Abstract

Introduction: Protein Energy Malnutrition (PEM) in children is a leading public health problem in developing countries like India and is a direct or indirect cause of most of infant and child morbidity and mortality.
Objective: To study the prevalence and determinants of protein energy malnutrition among under five children of Kannauj district.
Materials and Methods: The present study was a cross-sectional study conducted among children in the age group 0-60 months in the slums of Kannauj district. The statistical tools used for analysis were percentages, Pearson's Chi-square test and multiple logistic regression.
Results: The prevalence of PEM in the study population was found to be 59.1%. The study revealed a significant association of age (OR=0.438), timing initiation of breast feeding (OR=0.682), colostrum feeding (OR=0.364), practice of breast feeding (OR=3.611) and initiation of complementary feeding at 6 months (OR=2.651) were significantly associated with PEM.
Conclusion: The present study emphasizes the need to correct behavioural factors like breast feeding practices among Indian mothers to bring down the problem of PEM in under five children.

Keywords: PEM, Under five children, Malnutrition, Determinants.

Doi :-https://doi.org/10.18231/2394-6776.2018.0050