Indian Journal of Forensic and Community Medicine


A record based analysis of treatment outcome in Tuberculosis patients registered under Tuberculosis unit, Umbraj, District Satara of Western Maharashtra


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Article Type : Research Article

Author Details: Ravindra Y Mandolikar,R H. Patil*,N S. Madhekar,D K. Mahabalaraju

Volume : 6

Issue : 2

Online ISSN : 2394-6776

Print ISSN : 2394-6768

Article First Page : 99

Article End Page : 102


Abstract

Introduction: India has the highest number of tuberculosis in the world, accounting for nearly one fifth of the world's burden. Despite the national anti-tuberculosis program, tuberculosis remains the cause of death in India. The study, therefore, was designed to evaluate the RNTCP programme, which was revised by the evaluation and treatment of patients enrolled under the tuberculosis program in Umbraj, Maharashtra.
Materials and Methods: The present study was conducted at Tuberculosis Centre, Umbraj for the year 2014 which was record based study and information was collected by accessing the records maintained at the level of tuberculosis unit. All this information was collected for the year 2014.
Result: In the present, the success rate for PTB was 87.7% and EPTB was 98.2%. Among the pulmonary tuberculosis cases, cure rate was 54.4% while treatment completion rate was 33.3%. Among the EPTB cases, treatment completion rate was 98.2% with death rate 1.8%. The default rate of 2.0%, transferred out rate of 1.0% and 2.6 % failure rate were reported in year 2014.
Conclusion: Tuberculosis suspect rate is consistently low at unit. Though microscopic activity and DOTS activity are appropriate there is deficiency in trained personnel and lacking in achievement of treatment outcome as per the guidelines.

Keywords: Revised national tuberculosis control programme, Tuberculosis unit, PTB, EPTB.

Doi :-https://doi.org/10.18231/j.ijfcm.2019.023