Indian Journal of Forensic and Community Medicine


Impacts of Swachh Bharat Mission on awareness and health of rural population in Kanpur Nagar, Uttar Pradesh


Full Text PDF Share on Facebook Share on Twitter


Article Type : Research Article

Author Details: A Gahlot,S P Singh*,Rajendra K Nayan,A Bhagoliwal

Volume : 6

Issue : 2

Online ISSN : 2394-6776

Print ISSN : 2394-6768

Article First Page : 103

Article End Page : 106


Abstract

Introduction: Swachhata, that is cleanliness is the state of being clean and the habit of achieving and maintaining that state. Cleanliness may imply a moral quality and may be regarded as contributing to other ideals such as health and aesthetics. Swachh Bharat Abhiyan (Clean India mission) was launched on 2nd October 2014.
Study Period: The period of the study was one year from December, 2017 to Dec. 2018).
Study Design: Cross sectional community survey based study.
Materials and Methods: Multi stage random sampling method has been used for selection of ODF (Open defecation free) and non ODF villages. Selection of House hold subjects for study, Probability proportionate sampling (PPS) method was adopted 400 respondents were selected from 4 villages (179 from 2 ODF and 221 from 2 non ODF villages).
Results: Majority of the subjects were below 45 years of age (approximately 92% cases). Female participants were 53.3% and remaining were males. Joint family system was found dominant in subjects (53.3%). Most of the subjects 79.3% were Hindus and rest were Muslims. Majority of study subjects belonged to OBC, S.C. and S.T. category (70.3%). Awareness about SBM among Respondents residing in Open Defecation Free (ODF) villages was found 83.2% and 74.2% among Respondents residing in Non Open Defecation Free Villages There was significant difference between children having diarrhoea in ODF and non ODF villages. Logistic regression analysis shows that open defecation is a risk factor for diarrhea. The odds ratio is 1.92.

Keywords: SBM (G), Health impacts, ODF (Open defecation free) villages.

Doi :-https://doi.org/10.18231/j.ijfcm.2019.024