IP International Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicological Sciences


A study of bio social profile of victims of medicolegal cases of thoraco-abdominal injuries


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Article Type : Research Article

Author Details: Garima Singh,Anuj Gupta,Anil Kumar Gupta*

Volume : 4

Issue : 1

Online ISSN : 2456-9615

Print ISSN : 2581-9844

Article First Page : 10

Article End Page : 14


Abstract

Introduction: Thoraco-abdominal injuries are caused by wide variety of reasons like road traffic accidents, penetrating trauma, blunt trauma, railway accidents etc.
Materials and Methods: In present study analysis of total 173 cases of thoracoabdominal injuries which include 118 cases which are admitted at S.N. Medical College, Agra, for treatment. Out of 118 patients, 38 died during treatment in the hospital and 55 victims who were brought dead because of thoraco-abdominal injuries. The present study conducted in emergency and mortuary, during the period of 1½ year from Nov. 2013 to June 2015. Data obtained is reviewed and analyzed according to age wise, gender wise distribution, manner of death and contributing factor.

Results: In the present study the thoraco-abdominal injuries accounts for 0.38% of total admission to the hospital. Mortality amongst the victims of thoraco-abdominal injuries was 53.73%. Most commonly involved age group was 21 to 40 years and this group accounts for 53.75% of victims. Present study shows Male predominance in ratio of 4.8:1. Amongst social factors which were analysed it revealed that significant numbers of victims were married, labourers, educated up to higher secondary and low socioeconomic group. The most common manner of the thoraco-abdominal injuries was accidental in nature followed by homicide and suicide. In cases of fatal thoraco abdominal injuries, majority of the victims either died on the spot or before reaching to hospital during transportation.
Conclusion: In present study it was concluded that thoracoabdominal injuries constitutes potential factor in increasing amount of morbidity and mortality.

Keywords: Thoracoabdominal injuries, Accidental injury, Homicide and suicide.

Doi :-https://doi.org/10.18231/j.ijfmts.2019.003