IP Indian Journal of Immunology and Respiratory Medicine

The ARDS Kigali definition: Do we need a new definition for low-income countries?

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Author Details: Gautam Rawal, Sankalp Yadav, Raj Kumar

Volume : 1

Issue : 2

Online ISSN : 2581-4222

Print ISSN : 2581-4214

Article First Page : 51

Article End Page : 52


Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) has always been the center of research during the past decades due to its high mortality and morbidity. The ARDS definition of the Berlin conference has received both appreciation and criticism and has now travelled a long journey to the Kigali city of Rwanda, to be modified. This Kigali modification of ARDS definition allows the identification of ARDS not only in rich or middle-income countries, but also in the low-income countries or in the healthcare facilities with very limited resources. In a developing country like India, there are still a large number of healthcare facilities which lack the proper resources. Further research on this modified definition is needed for its proper validation and reliability and consequent widespread use.

ARDS; Berlin definition; Kigali; Sepsis