IP Indian Journal of Immunology and Respiratory Medicine


Assessment of pulmonary function impairment among mine workers


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Author Details: Shweta Gupta, Umesh Dhumne, Sarang Dhatrak, Subroto Nandi

Volume : 2

Issue : 1

Online ISSN : 2581-4222

Print ISSN : 2581-4214

Article First Page : 7

Article End Page : 9


Abstract

Background: Mining provides employment opportunity and infrastructural development with impact on the health of mine workers. Respiratory system is one most affected due to exposure to dust generated during mining operations. The present study was conducted to evaluate the association between the impacts of mining on respiratory functions of workers. The study was conducted to assess the impact of occupation on the spirometric parameters of mine workers.
Methodology: The study was conducted among on 110 subjects, of which 85 belongs to exposed category comprising of mine workers and 35 were control comprising of general population. The information regarding their demographic status, nature of occupational work and exposure, addiction habit was noted. The respiratory function was analyzed by spirometry measurements for Forced Vital Capacity (FVC) and Forced Expiratory Volume in one sec (FEV1) indices.
Results: Study showed significant reduction in overall mean values of spirometric parameters among the workers was more as compared to control population. The co-relation between dust exposure and lung impairment was found to be significant.
Conclusions: From the findings of the present study, we may conclude that there is persistent lung impairment among mine workers due to dust exposure at the workplace. Therefore, the study advocates the importance of awareness about dust exposure to the mine workers.

Keywords:
Dust exposure; FVC; FEV1; Mine workers; Spirometry