IP Indian Journal of Immunology and Respiratory Medicine


A study on clinico social profile of patients attending Katuri Medical College Hospital, Guntur


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Article Type : Research Article

Author Details: Mandava Venu,Bhaskararao Nalamala*,Thokala Sivayya

Volume : 4

Issue : 3

Online ISSN : 2581-4222

Print ISSN : 2581-4214

Article First Page : 190

Article End Page : 193


Abstract

Background: As COPD is fast emerging like epidemic spread by giving a threat to world with the increased proportion of cigarette smoking in developing countries especially India and China and is expected to become the third leading cause of death in the world by 2020, the present study was taken up to evaluate the clinical social distribution of the disease for the purpose of better understanding.  
Methodology: The setting of the study was at the Katuri Medical College Hospital, Guntur, Andhra Pradesh. A cross sectional study was conducted by examining 110 COPD patients of both sex at the out-patients department of Pulmonary Medicine.
Results: In this study about 70% were males and 30% were females. Maximum about 60.9% were belonged to 40-60 years of age group with the mean age of 58.5 years and M±2SE = 56.86 – 60.14 at 95% CI. Agriculture is the main occupation (31.8%) and 59% were smokers.
Conclusions: Among all the COPD patients about 51% were developed emphysema and bronchitis, 8% cardiomegaly with enlarged pulmonary artery. And by Echocardiography it was identified that 4% developed mild PAH, followed by 21% moderate PAH, 9% Severe PAH, 18% RV hypertrophy, 4% Cardiac Arrhythmias and 8% Cardiac failure significantly.

Keywords: COPD; Smoking; PAH (Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension).

Doi :-https://doi.org/10.18231/j.ijirm.2019.042