IP International Journal of Medical Microbiology and Tropical Diseases


Melioidosis in Andaman's: A report of two cases and a short review


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Author Details: K Snehaa, Abhay Kumar, Amit Banik, Sanjeev H, Manoj Joshi

Volume : 4

Issue : 1

Online ISSN : 2581-4761

Print ISSN : 2581-4753

Article First Page : 45

Article End Page : 47


Abstract

Melioidosis, caused by Burkholderia pseudomallei, is an emerging infectious disease in the tropical regions of the world. The aetiologic agent is an environmental saprophyte and can be transmitted by percutaneous inoculation, inhalation and ingestion. The risk factors for disease acquisition are type II Diabetes Mellitus (DM), chronic alcohol use, chronic lung or renal disease and immune suppression. The diagnosis is an enigma due to varied manifestations, lack of clinical suspicion and capabilities for conclusive identification. Early diagnosis is crucial for initiating appropriate chemotherapy as Melioidosis respond to only a limited number of antibiotics given over a prolonged period of time and to prevent the worsening of clinical outcome and relapse. We report two cases of Melioidosis with lower extremity involvement, an entity which was probably undiagnosed for long, at Port Blair, Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

Keywords: Burkholderia pseudomallaei, Melioidosis, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Risk factors, Chemotherapy

Doi :-https://doi.org/10.18231/2455-6807.2018.0010