IP International Journal of Medical Microbiology and Tropical Diseases


Seroprevalence of hepatitis B and associated factors among pregnant women in tertiary health care center located in central India


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Article Type : Review Article

Author Details: Sadhna Sodani*

Volume : 5

Issue : 3

Online ISSN : 2581-4761

Print ISSN : 2581-4753

Article First Page : 166

Article End Page : 168


Abstract

Aim: To study the seroprvalence of Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) and associated factors among pregnant women in tertiary health care center.
Materials and Methods: A total of 2224 antenatal women(age ranging from 18-40yrs) attending the outpatient department of Maharaja Yashwant Rao Hospital, Indore from Jan 2019 to May 2019 were included in the study. They were screened for hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) by rapid test based on immunochromatography in the Department of Microbiology, M.G.M. Medical College.
Results: Out of 2224 pregnant women, 26(1.16%) women were found to be positive for Hepatitis B surface antigen result. The age of women varied between 20 and 40 years with mean age was 25.6 years. History of blood transfusion were found in nine females (34.6%) statistically significant for HBV infection. 4(0.17%) of the patients who tested seropositive for HBsAg had tested positive for HIV infection also.
Conclusion: Hepatitis B is emerging as a significant health problem in India. Programme for prevention and control of Hepatitis B should be considered as priority basis by the government and health services in India. Screening of all pregnant women for HBV irrespective of high risk factors can reduce risks of HBV infection and carrier state.

Keywords: Hepatitis B surface antigen, Pregnant women, Perinatal transmission, Seroprevalence, HBV.

Doi :-https://doi.org/10.18231/j.ijmmtd.2019.037