IP International Journal of Medical Paediatrics and Oncology


Breastfeeding and breast cancer: A risk reduction strategy


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Article Type : Review Article

Author Details: Prasuna Jelly*,Suman Choudhary

Volume : 5

Issue : 2

Online ISSN : 2581-4702

Print ISSN : 2581-4699

Article First Page : 47

Article End Page : 50


Abstract

Breast cancer, one of the most widespread causes of cancer deaths in women, began once breast cells start to produce out of control.1 In 2017 breast cancer new diagnosis around 252, 710 are expected in women, and around 40,610 women are expected to die from the disease. The purpose of this review is to discuss that breast-feeding can reduce the risk of breast cancer. In India, we are now witnessing increase numbers of patients being diagnosed with cancer of breast to be in younger age groups (30-40year).2 Research shows that breastfeeding mothers have a lower risk of pre-menopausal and post-menopausal breast cancer.
Breastfeeding more than the recommended 6 months can provide extra protection too. It limits the risk of hormones like oestrogen and progesterone, which are known to trigger breast cancer. The mother's menstrual cycle is less due to various changes in lactating mother. It comes in contact with the hormones over time and thus prevents the development of cancer cells. Breastfeeding sheds breast tissue, which helps in getting rid of any cell with potential DNA damage in the breasts. Breast cancer reduced by healthy lifestyle choices, like nutritious foods eating, alcohol avoiding as well as smoking also, exercising etc. All these lifestyle factors play an essential character in decreasing breast cancer risk.3American Institute for Cancer Research and WHO recommends breastfeed for at least six months helps to protect the child from cancer. A wide ranging approach that add interventions diagonally several levels and surroundings may be most successful in serving mothers to attain their breastfeeding goals and lowering disparities in breastfeeding and potentially breast cancer occurrence.4
Keywords: Breast feeding, Breast cancer, Risk reduction.

Doi :-https://doi.org/10.18231/j.ijmpo.2019.010