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Indian Journal of Microbiology Research


Comparative study of Virulence factors among MBL and Non MBL producing Urinary isolates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa in a tertiary care hospital


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Author Details : S. Pramodhini, S. Umadevi, KS Seetha

Volume : 3, Issue : 4, Year : 2016

Article Page : 441-445


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Abstract

Background: The study was done to detect various virulence factors of urinary isolates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa with special reference to MBL producing strains and to find out its significant association with the virulence factors.
Materials & Methods: This study was done in a tertiary care teaching hospital in Pondicherry, which included 50 urinary isolates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa. All isolates subjected to routine antibiotic susceptibility testing by Kirby Bauer Disc Diffusion method and screened for Metallo β-lactamase (MBL) by Imipenem-EDTA disc method. Phenotypic detection of virulence factors like phospholipase, hemolysin, gelatinase and DNAse were done for the same.
Results: Out of 50 isolates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa, 26% were MBL producers and 74% were non MBL producers by Imipenem-EDTA disc method. Virulence factors like hemolysin, gelatinase, phospholipase and DNAse were shown in 88%, 78%, 76% and 50% respectively. The association with the production of Virulence factors and MBL production were found to be statistically significant only in case of DNAse production.
Conclusion: This study concluded that P. aeruginosa is a pathogen able to accumulate various virulence factors which are often accompanied by multidrug resistance and pan-resistance, making the treatment of infections difficult for the clinicians.

Keywords:
DNAse, Gelatinase, Hemolysin, Mettalo β-lactamase, Phospholipase

How to cite : Pramodhini S, Umadevi S, Seetha K, Comparative study of Virulence factors among MBL and Non MBL producing Urinary isolates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa in a tertiary care hospital. Indian J Microbiol Res 2016;3(4):441-445

Copyright © 2016 by author(s) and Indian J Microbiol Res. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0) (creativecommons.org)