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Year 2019

Volume: 6 , Issue: 3

Print ISSN:-2394-546X

Online ISSN:-2394-5478

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Indian Journal of Microbiology Research


Onycomycoses; mycology and epidemiology in a tertiary care hospital in North India


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Author Details: Priyanka Shukla, Shadma Yaqoob, Mastan Singh, Vaibhav Shukla, Fareya Haider

Volume : 4

Issue : 3

Online ISSN : 2394-5478

Print ISSN : 2394-546X

Article First Page : 325

Article End Page : 327


Abstract

Introduction: “Onychomycosis” is fungal infection of the nail which may be caused by dermatophytes, non-dermatophytes and Candida.(1) It affects toe nails more than finger nail. It may involve any part of the nail including nail bed or nail plate. The incidence of the disease varies from 3 to 5% and it may reach upto 20% in certain subgroups, e.g. miners, sportsmen.
Materials and Method: A total of 100 patients attending out patient clinic of Department of Dermatology and Venererology at Medical College in North India were enrolled in study. Nail scrapings and nail clippings were collected by proper aseptic techniques.
KOH wet mount was prepared from nail specimens. Culture was done on SDA media in duplicate. Lacto phenol cotton Blue mount was prepared from growth on SDA. Species identification was done by Micro slide culture technique.
Results: In this study M:F ratio was 1.7:1. Labourers (49)were most commonly involved among males and housewives(21) were among females. Out of all isolates maximum were Dermatophytes(79),Non dermatophytes(38) and Candida(12).

Keywords:
Onycomycosis, Dermatophyte, Slide culture