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Indian Journal of Microbiology Research


PREVALENCE OF HEPATITIS B AND HEPATITIS C INFECTIONS IN PATIENTS AND HEALTHY BLOOD DONORS


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Author Details: Prerna Aggarwal, Sonam Kumari, Maninder Kaur, Ashwini Manhas, Manju Bala, Satish Gupte

Volume : 2

Issue : 2

Online ISSN : 2394-5478

Print ISSN : 2394-546X

Article First Page : 115

Article End Page : 119



Abstract

Aim: To study the prevalence of HBsAg and HCV antibodies in patient population versus healthy blood donors (voluntary and replacement).

Material & Methods: For both the parameter, rapid immunochromatographic kits were used followed by specific ELISA tests for patient population and ELISA screening in blood bank.
Results: The HBsAg seropositivity was comparable in both groups and lower than the national prevalence. HCV antibodies seropositivity was significantly higher in patient population as compared to blood donors.
Conclusion: Inclusion of immunization against hepatitis B virus in the national program will help to curb its spread but for control of HCV, measures like micro screening of blood donors and checking drug addiction needs to be undertaken.

Keywords: Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), Hepatitis C virus (HCV), Seropositivity, Prevalence