Indian Journal of Microbiology Research


Clinico-etiological study of vaginal discharge in adult women – A hospital based study


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Author Details: Vani Gopa,Gopal R,Rupavani ,Mangaiyarkarasi T*

Volume : 5

Issue : 4

Online ISSN : 2394-5478

Print ISSN : 2394-546X

Article First Page : 535

Article End Page : 537


Abstract

Introduction: The common complaint in women of reproductive age group is discharge per vaginum. The etiology may be due to physiological or pathological. Infectious causes include Bacterial vaginosis, candidiasis and trichomoniasis. Precise diagnosis of the infectious cause helps in initiation of appropriate treatment avoiding misuse of drugs as in the syndromic approach.
Objective: To find the aetiopathogenesis for vaginal discharge and their prevalence in symptomatic adult women attending the outpatient department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of our hospital during the study period.
Materials and Methods: A cross – sectional hospital based study carried out from November 2012 to January 2014. Swabs were collected from all symptomatic adult women aged 15–45 years and examined by wet mount, Gram stain and inoculated on Sabourauds Dextrose Agar (SDA) medium for isolation of Candida species.
Results: The prevalence rate of bacterial vaginosis, vaginal candidiasis and trichomoniasis were 32%, 25% & 8.5% respectively.
Conclusion: The most common etiology for vaginal discharge in our study was bacterial vaginosis.

Keywords: Vaginitis, Bacterial vaginosis, Trichomoniasis, Candidiasis, Syndromic approach.

Doi :-https://doi.org/10.18231/2394-5478.2018.0108