Indian Journal of Microbiology Research

The etiology of pelvic inflammatory disease with special reference to Chlamydia trachomatis

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Author Details: Monita Kulkarni*,Ravindra Khadse,Gopal Agrawal

Volume : 6

Issue : 1

Online ISSN : 2394-5478

Print ISSN : 2394-546X

Article First Page : 82

Article End Page : 88


Introduction: The study was carried out in a tertiary care hospital in India. 178 patients with Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) were considered in the study.
Materials and Methods: IgG ELISA was carried out in all the patients for Chlamydia trachomatis (CT). Cervical swabs were taken and were stained by gram stain and giemsa stain. Also culture of the cervical swabs was carried out. 100 healthy controls were taken.
Results and Discussion: Total number of seropositive cases because of Chlamydia Trachomatis in Pelvic Inflammatory Disease cases were found to be 26.14% which was statistically significant when compared to controls which was 11%. Also the study of the etiology of Pelvic Inflammatory Disease was carried out to study the various other causative organisms of Pelvic Inflammatory Disease.
Conclusion: Chlamydia Trachomatis is an important causative agent of sexually transmitted infections (STI) apart from staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia Coli and Klebsiella pnuemonia.

Keywords: Chlamydia trachomatis, Pelvic inflammatory disease, IgG ELISA, cervical swabs, Giemsa stain, Sexually transmitted infections.

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