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Indian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology Research


PREVALENCE OF PREGNANCY RELATED PELVIC GIRDLE PAIN IN INDIAN PRIMIGRAVIDA: A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL BASED STUDY


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Author Details: Gupta Monika, Srivastava Shilpi, Khan Sohrab A

Volume : 1

Issue : 1

Online ISSN : 2394-2754

Print ISSN : 2394-2746

Article First Page : 16

Article End Page : 24


Abstract

Introduction: There is very little information about the pregnancy related lumbo-pelvic pain and pregnancy related pelvic girdle pain (PPGP) in Asian countries, particularly in India. Most of the information about these pains has been obtained European countries.
Objective: To find out the prevalence of lumbopelvic pain and pregnancy related pelvic girdle pain (PPGP) in Indian primigravida.
Methods: A hospital based observational cross-section study including 227 primigravida who were interviewed for demographic data. Those who complained of lumbopelvic pain were assessed for the diagnostic criteria for PPGP.
Results: A total of 137 primigravida (60.3%) reported lumbopelvic pain. Based on the diagnostic criteria, 68 women (29.9%) had PPGP and 69 had combined pain (PPGP + PLBP and PLBP). The mean intensity of pain in women with lumbopelvic pain using the visual analogue scale was 5.2 ±1.0 and PPGP was 5.5± 0.7.
Conclusions: More than half of the pregnant women studied experienced lumbopelvic pain at the time of examination which shows that about 1 in every 2 primigravida had lumbopelvic pain. PPGP and combined pain (PPGP+PLBP) both are almost equally prevalent and need clinical attention.
Keywords: pregnancy, primigravida, pregnancy related pelvic girdle pain, pregnancy related low back pain, prevalence.